Greek tragedy Athenian tragedy—the oldest surviving form of tragedy—is a type of dance -drama that formed an important part of the theatrical culture of the city-state. The presentations took the form of a contest between three playwrights, who presented their works on three successive days. Each playwright offered a tetralogy consisting of three tragedies and a concluding comic piece called a satyr play.
Sunday, January 29, The Misuse of Romans 13 1.
I've heard some misuses of Romans The main two misuses I've heard recently are: The use of Romans 13 to argue that almost the sole function of government is to punish criminals and restrain evildoers.
You can't disobey the king because God has installed him and given him absolute authority no matter what he does. This was really popular among kings at least in the s. So here's a translation of Romans Let every person submit themselves to higher authorities, for there isn't authority except by God and the ones that exist have been ordered by God.
Thus those who oppose authority resist the command of God and those who resist will receive judgment on themselves.
For rulers are not a fear to the good deed, but to the bad deed. Do you want not to fear authority? Fear if you do the bad, for not without cause does it bear the sword, for it is a punishing servant of God leading to wrath on the one doing the evil.
Therefore, it is necessary to submit yourselves not only because of wrath but also because of conscience.
For this reason also pay taxes, for they are servants of God, attending to this very [task]. Pay your debts to them: With regard to the first misuse at the top, we can quickly dismiss the "government can only be involved in punishing criminals" view out of hand.
The Old Testament celebrates kings who take care of the needy among the people e. It does not tell us all of the good that those in authority can do. And it does not prohibit governments from doing other things that are good. Silence does not imply a prohibition, or, as Wilbur Williams always says, "Absence of presence is not presence of absence.
We can't dismiss the possibility with a proof-text. I'm a little taken aback to hear the old "divine right" argument resurrected--submit entirely to the king because God has chosen him. I thought it only existed among some really radical hyper-Calvinist sects and only with immense inconsistency there.
I sure didn't hear a single soul saying such things when Obama was president. And I would have soundly disagreed with this thinking then too.
Are we then to say that the Founding Fathers were wrong to rebel against King George? As a side-note, I have actually wrestled with the question of whether the Revolutionary War was wrong on the basis of passages note the plurality like Romans As a result, I have played out the following scenario, which I think would be biblically allowable: Now I doubt this scenario gets all the Founding Fathers off the hook, but it might do for some.
But that's a different question. Now to the punch.
Here are three key reasons why the divine right interpretation doesn't work: It takes a statement that was never meant as absolute and makes it into a philosophical proposition. It does not take into account the context for which God inspired Paul to write Romans.
It is "single verse" theology, while we have to take the whole Bible into account when we are trying to appropriate a specific passage for today. Most biblical instruction was written on the level of "most cases," not on the level of "there are never any exceptions to this statement in any time or place.
Obviously, there is a time not to submit to those in authority over you. The instruction was never given on an absolute level. It was common in earlier centuries to view Romans as a "compendium of Christian theology. It was written 1 for Paul to introduce himself to the Romans, 2 for him to give his side of the story in terms of the bad-mouthing of his opponents, 3 for him possibly to gather support for a mission into Spain, and 4 possibly for him to address some issues he knew were in play within the Roman church itself.
So why did God inspire Paul to write Romans western Western Church the part of the Christian Church historically originating in the Latin Church of the Western Roman Empire, including the Roman Catholic Church and the Anglican, Lutheran, and Reformed Churches, especially as distinct from the Eastern Orthodox Church.
The emergence of the importance of a lineage dating back to Gaia, particularly in literature from the fifth century BC onward, is evidenced in the archaeological development of the sanctuary at that time.
The period art historians call the baroque was the age of theater. And just as diverse national traditions contributed to this outpouring, so too did various dramatic and poetic genres compete, collide and couple in an explosion of forms.
Harry Newman, Royal Holloway, University of London, English Department, Faculty Member. Studies Shakespeare, Early Modern English drama, and Early Modern Literature.
I primarily research early modern drama, book history, material culture, and the. In terms of Behn’s canon, contemporary women’s writing, fiction of the late s, attribution studies, and bibliographical scholarship, this article is important. O verton, B ill. “Aphra Behn’s Versification,” WoWr, 19 (May ), – The games, held every September, are originally a harvest festival.
Taking place between the Palatine and Aventine hills in Rome, in an area known as the Circus Maximus, the main events are sporting contests - chariot races or boxing matches.