I addressed the familiar themes of the origins of that great document: I recalled the longstanding debate over the role of Abraham Lincoln, the Radicals in Congress, abolitionists in the North, the Union army in the field and slaves on the plantations of the South in the destruction of slavery and in the authorship of legal freedom. And I stated my long-held position that slaves played a critical role in securing their own freedom. Related Content Historical Laughter As I left the broadcast booth, a knot of black men and women—most of them technicians at the station—were talking about emancipation and its meaning.
Examples[ edit ] Awful — Originally meant "inspiring wonder or fear ". Used originally as a shortening for "full of awe", in contemporary usage the word usually has negative meaning.
Demagogue — Originally meant "a popular leader". Now the word has strong connotations of a politician who panders to emotions and prejudice. Egregious — Originally described something that was remarkably good. Now it means something that is remarkably bad or flagrant.
The day was made a holiday, Guy Fawkes Day, commemorated by parading and burning a ragged, grotesque effigy of Fawkes, known as a Guy.
This led to the use of the word guy as a term for any "person of grotesque appearance" and then by the late s—especially in the United States—for "any man", as in, e.
In the plural, it can refer to a mixture of genders e. Gay — Originally meant 13th century "lighthearted", "joyous" or 14th century "bright and showy", it also came to mean "happy"; it acquired connotations of immorality as early aseither sexual e.
In the United States by the expression gay cat referred to a hobo, especially a younger hobo in the company of an older one; byit was used in prison slang for a homosexual boy; and by and clipped to gay, referred to homosexuals.
George Chauncey, in his book Gay New Yorkwould put this shift as early as the late 19th century among a certain "in crowd" knowledgeable of gay night life.
For E-unification in convergent term rewriting systems, see Narrowing computer science. A number of classification schemes have been suggested for semantic change. Typology by Bloomfield [ edit ] The most widely accepted scheme in the English-speaking academic world is from Bloomfield Change from superordinate level to subordinate level.
For example, skyline formerly referred to any horizonbut now in the USA it has narrowed to a horizon decorated by skyscrapers. There are many examples of specific brand names being used for the general product, such as with Kleenex.
Change based on similarity of thing. For example, broadcast originally meant "to cast seeds out"; with the advent of radio and television, the word was extended to indicate the transmission of audio and video signals.
Outside of agricultural circles, very few use broadcast in the earlier sense. Change based on nearness in space or time, e. Change based on whole-part relation. The convention of using capital cities to represent countries or their governments is an example of this.
Change from weaker to stronger meaning, e. Change from stronger to weaker meaning, e. Typology by Blank [ edit ] However, the categorization of Blank has gained increasing acceptance: Change based on similarity between concepts, e.
Change based on contiguity between concepts, e. A type of metonymy involving a part to whole relationship, e.
Downward shift in a taxonomy, e. Upward shift in a taxonomy, e. Horizontal shift in a taxonomy, e. Change based on a contrastive aspect of the concepts, e.
Change of a word's sense and concept to the complementary opposite, e. Lexical expression of a relationship by the two extremes of the respective relationship, e.
Semantic change based on the contiguity of names, e.If the meaning of freedom has been a battleground throughout our history, so too has been the definition of those entitled to enjoy its blessings.
Founded on the premise that liberty is an entitlement of all mankind, the United States, from the outset, blatantly deprived many of its own people of freedom. The Changing Meaning of Concepts Throughout History. 12 December Philosophy; In this essay I will summarize how the philosophers Friedrich Nietzsche and Michel Foucault have recorded how the meanings of certain concepts have changed through history, paying close attention to the texts of Nietzsche’s “Good and Evil, Good and Bad” and.
In this essay I will summarize how the philosophers Friedrich Nietzsche and Michel Foucault have recorded how the meanings of certain concepts have changed through history, paying close attention to the texts of Nietzsche's "Good and Evil, Good and Bad" and Foucault's "The Insane". The Changing Definition of African-American How the great influx of people from Africa and the Caribbean since is challenging what it means to be African-American.
Change management is the process, tools and techniques to manage the people side of change to achieve the required business outcome.
Change management incorporates the organizational tools that can be utilized to help individuals make successful personal transitions resulting in the adoption and realization of change. Such discussions remind us of the crucial importance of discerning and articulating the connections between the changing meaning of race and concepts of racism.
Increasingly, some scholars argue that the term “racism” has suffered from conceptual inflation, and been subject to so many different meanings as to render the concept .