The sad part about all of this is that so many individuals believed him or just stood by as he conducted his murderous campaign against the Jews. The result was that 6 million Jews lost their lives and saw their families decimated during the Holocaust.
The Nazi rise to power I n the aftermath of World War I, Germany remained in turmoil throughout the s, providing an ideal setting for the rise of extremist ideologies and firebrand political leaders. To Germans burdened by reparations payments to war victors, and threatened by hyperinflation, political chaos, and a possible Communist takeover, Adolf Hitler offered scapegoats and solutions.
Germans were provided with an easy explanation to all their problems: Following the meteoric rise of the Nazi Party, Hitler was appointed as chancellor of Germany on January 30, At the time, the other political parties were unhappy about letting Hitler, the leader of a paramilitary fascist party, become head of the government.
Hitler immediately began laying the foundations of the Nazi state. Guided by racist and authoritarian principles, the Nazis eliminated individual freedoms and pronounced the creation of a Volk Community Volksgemeinschaft --a society which would, in theory, transcend class and religious differences.
Hitler used a suspicious fire in the German parliament the Reichstag in February to suspend basic civil rights--rights that had been guaranteed by the democratic Weimar Constitution. The Third Reich became a police state in which Germans enjoyed no guaranteed basic rights and the SS, the elite guard of the Nazi state, wielded increasing authority through its control over the police.
Political opponents,along with Jews, were subject to intimidation, persecution, and discriminatory legislation. In the first two years of his chancellorship, Hitler followed a concerted policy of "coordination" Gleichschaltungby which political parties, state governments, and cultural and professional organizations were brought in line with Nazi goals.
Culture, the economy, education, and law all came under Nazi control. Using the Civil Service Law of AprilGerman authorities began eliminating Jews from governmental agencies, and state positions in the economy, law, and cultural life.
The Nazi government abolished trade unions. With the passage of the Enabling Law March 23,the German parliament transferred legislative power to Hitler's cabinet and thus lost its reason for being.
By mid-July, the Nazi party was the only political party left in Germany. The other parties had been either outlawed by the government or had dissolved themselves under pressure.
Hitler had the final say in both domestic legislation and German foreign policy. Nazi foreign policy was guided by the racist belief that Germany was biologically destined to expand eastward by military force and that an enlarged, racially superior German population should establish permanent rule in eastern Europe and the Soviet Union.
The Third Reich's aggressive population policy encouraged "racially pure" women to bear as many "Aryan" children as possible.
Within this framework, "racially inferior" peoples, such as Jews and Gypsies, would be eliminated from the region. Jews were molested, some even killed, and Jewish businesses were harassed or destroyed.
The first anti-Semitic initiative was the boycott of Jewish stores in April This was followed by a wave of anti-Semitic laws and decrees. More than 2, racist laws and decrees were issued between and The position of the Jews at the centre of both political and economic affairs was perfect for theories of political conspiracy.
It was relatively easy to accuse Jews of being in collusion with and responsible for communism, capitalism, liberalism, socialism, revolution, etc.Adolf Hitler issues a "25 Point Program" outlining the party's political agenda. The party platform embodies racism.
It demands racial purity in Germany; proclaims Germany's destiny to rule over inferior races; and identifies Jews as racial enemies. Nazi Germany is a reference for the twelve-year period in German history () during the totalitarian dictatorship of Adolf Hitler through the Nazi Party, which was founded in as the German Workers’ Party.
The group grew in retaliation to the terms of the Treaty of Versailles and. On Adolf Hitler's orders, Wilhelm Keitel, chief of the German Armed Forces High Command, issues the "Night and Fog" decree.
Those who resist German rule in occupied territories are to be arrested and deported to concentration camps in Germany. Hitler’s efforts to put members of these inferior races in concentration camps was not so much an effort to punish but, as his apologists repeatedly stated, was a protective safeguard similar to quarantining sick people to prevent contamination of the rest of the community.
On a closing note, Hitler and his Nazi counterparts felt that humanity was divided into a number of different races but that theirs (the Aryan race) was not only the best, it was the strongest.
He saw the Jews as an inferior race – so inferior that he did not see them as even being human and felt that the only solution was to eliminate them entirely. Nazi Germany is a reference for the twelve-year period in German history () during the totalitarian dictatorship of Adolf Hitler through the Nazi Party, which was founded in as the German Workers’ Party.
The group grew in retaliation to the terms of the Treaty of Versailles and promoted German pride and anti-Semitism, two traits that infused Nazi Germany.